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Termites live and work together in nests or colonies. Members of this colony take different forms or castes. These include:
Their wings are size and shape and twice the length of the body. They drop after the colonising flight is made. Reduce wings are a good indication of termite presence.
These are the sensual forms of the colony including future kings and queens of colonies .
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The reproductives reside in a central room in the nest where a femalequeen or queen, will put many thousands of eggs every year over her life span of approximately a decade. Male, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites develop in the colony by shedding cuticles at the end of every growth stage, gradually changing until they get to the worker, soldier or grownup (winged form). If queens die, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than workers and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) can resist the outside environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the wings of termites are discarded and piles of shed wings are a good clue to termite infestations.
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Officials have heads that are darker than the other castes. They're blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
Soldiers are tougher than the other castes and take longer to die from many toxins, exposure, or starvation. It is their function to defend the colony, if upset, while the damage is repaired by the employees.
Soldiers exist in different forms. Most species have soldiers, together with well-developed jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, like ants.
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Nastute soldiers happen in Nasustitermes species and therefore are only rarely found as pests in Victoria. They've a snout where they eject a solution which irritates and glues attackers.
Soldiers have a head, which can be wedged in tunnels to prevent attackers. The termites, that use this particular strategy, are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
The employees account for the greatest number of termites within the colony, and are consequently responsible for the maximum damage.
They gather food, groom other termites, construct tunnels and fix damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are believed to operate 24 hours a day throughout their life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They are blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
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Termites hatch from eggs which have been tended by their own nest mates in specially constructed YOURURL.com nurseries.
As soon as they are old enough, the young work within the colony where jobs change with age and adulthood.
Once a single colony gets sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives that wait in specially constructed chambers until ready to depart the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
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They leave the nest for a swarm under conditions of high humidity air, and at times low light. Termites are not strong fliers and usually only fly around 1km, although breezes and updrafts can carry them much further.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and evokes a calling scent. Males respond.
They dig in and within the next few weeks, mate and look after their young until enough employees grow to take over the maintenance roles.
New colonies are created via budding. This is thought to occur when the extremities of this colony get rid of contact and eventually become independent.
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The primary king and queen are thought to exude hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the remainder of the colony. This control breaks down if the land is large or contact with groups is dropped.
Termites work collectively in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as mammals, which are fed by mature top article termites. They then develop into four kinds or castes of termite:
Soldiers have large, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are more demanding than other castes and learn the facts here now may take longer to control. Several species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Employees are the greatest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for maximum damage.
Reproductives that are darker in colour to other castes, have functional eyes and strong skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and activity of the colony will determine how long it takes for a termite to develop from egg to adult.