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Termites live and work collectively in nests or colonies. Members of this colony take different types or castes. These include:
Their wings are equivalent size and form and double the length of their body. They drop following the colonising flight was created. Shed wings are a good indication of presence.
These are the forms of the colony including future kings and queens of colonies not yet been established.
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The reproductives live in a central chamber in the nest in which a lady , or queen, will lay many thousands of eggs every year over her life span of about a decade. Man, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Numerous reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites grow in the colony by shedding cuticles in the end of every growth stage, slowly changing until they get to the worker, soldier or adult (winged form). If queens perish, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than workers and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) can resist the outside environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the deciduous wings of termites are lost and piles of shed wings are a hint to termite infestations.
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Officials have , heads that are bigger that are darker than the other castes. They are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
Soldiers are more demanding than the other castes and take longer to die from many toxins, exposure, or starvation. It is their function to defend the colony, if disturbed, while the damage is fixed by the workers.
Soldiers exist in different types. Most species have soldiers, together with well-developed jaws (mandibles) utilized to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Nastute soldiers occur in Nasustitermes species and are only infrequently found as pests in Victoria. They have a snout where they eject a solution which disturbs and glues attackers.
Phragmotic soldiers have a huge head, which can be wedged in tunnels to block attackers. The termites, which utilize this strategy, are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
The workers account for the greatest number of termites within the colony, and are therefore responsible for the most harm.
They gather food, groom other termites, construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are thought to work 24 hours a day during their 4-year life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They're blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
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Termites hatch from eggs that have been tended by their nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they are old enough, the young work within the colony where occupations change with age and adulthood.
Once a single colony becomes sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives which wait in specially constructed chambers until prepared to depart learn the facts here now the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
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They leave the nest as a swarm under conditions of high humidity, still atmosphere, and sometimes light. Termites are not strong fliers and generally only fly around 1km, although breezes and updrafts can take them much farther.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and evokes a calling scent. Men respond.
They dig in and within the next few weeks, mate and look after their young until enough employees develop to take over the care functions.
New colonies are sometimes established via budding. This is thought to occur when the extremities of the colony lose contact and eventually become independent.
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The primary king and queen are believed to emit hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the rest of the colony. But this control breaks down if the territory is large or contact groups is lost.
Termites work together in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as larvae, which are fed by termites. They then develop into four kinds or castes of termite:
Soldiers have big, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are more demanding than other castes and might take longer to control. Several species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, like ants.
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Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Workers are the largest caste within a colony and are, her latest blog therefore, responsible for most damage.
Reproductives which are darker in color have functional eyes and strong skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of future colonies.
The temperature, food grade, and action of this colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite.