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Termites live and work together in nests or colonies. Members of this colony take different types or castes. These include:
Their wings are equivalent size and form and double the length of the body. They drop following the colonising flight is made. Shed wings are a good indication of termite presence.
These are the sensual forms of the colony including future kings and queens of colonies .
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The reproductives live in a central chamber in the nest where a lady queen or queen, will lay many thousands of eggs each year over her life span of about a decade. Male, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites grow in the colony by shedding cuticles at the end of every growth stage, slowly changing until they reach the employee, soldier or adult (winged form). If queens die, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than workers and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their stronger skin (cuticle) can resist the outside environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the wings of termites are discarded and piles of shed wings are a fantastic clue to termite infestations.
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Soldiers have heads that are darker than the other castes. They are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
Soldiers are tougher than the other castes and take longer to die from many toxins, exposure, or starvation. It is their function to defend the colony, if disturbed, while the damage is fixed by the workers.
Soldiers exist in different types. Most species have soldiers, together with well-developed jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Nastute soldiers happen in Nasustitermes species and therefore are only rarely found as pests in Victoria. They've a snout where they eject a solution which disturbs and glues attackers.
Phragmotic soldiers have a head, which can be wedged in tunnels to prevent attackers. The drywood termites, which utilize this strategy, are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
The employees account for the largest number of termites within the colony, and are consequently responsible for the maximum damage.
They gather food, groom other termites, construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are thought to operate 24 hours a day during their life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They look here are blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
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Termites hatch from eggs that have been tended by their nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they're old enough, the young work within the colony where jobs change with age and maturity.
Once a single colony gets sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives that wait in specially constructed chambers until prepared to depart the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
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They leave the nest as a swarm under conditions of high humidity atmosphere, and at times light. Termites are not strong fliers and generally only fly around 1km, but breezes and updrafts can take them a lot recommended you read further.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and emits a calling scent. Males respond.
They dig in and over the next few weeks, partner and look after their young until enough employees grow to take over the maintenance roles.
New colonies are sometimes created via budding. This is thought to happen when the extremities of the colony get rid of contact and become independent.
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The main king and queen are thought to exude hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the rest of the colony. However, this control breaks down if the land is too large or contact groups is lost.
Termites work together in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as larvae, which are fed by termites. They then develop into four forms or castes of termite:
Soldiers have big, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are more demanding than other castes and might take longer to control. Several species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Employees are the greatest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for most harm.
Reproductives that are darker in color to other castes, have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the pioneers linked here of colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and activity of this colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite.