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Termites live and work together in nests or colonies. Members of this colony take different types or castes. These include:
Their wings are equal size and form and double the length of their body. They drop after the colonising flight was created. Shed wings are a fantastic indication of termite presence.
These are the forms of the colony including future kings and queens of colonies yet to be established.
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The reproductives reside in a central chamber in the nest where a lady , or queen, will put many thousands of eggs each year over her life span of about 10 years. Male, or kings, are responsible to fertilising the queens. Multiple reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites develop in the colony by shedding cuticles at the end of each growth stage, gradually changing until they get to the employee, soldier or grownup (winged form). If queens perish, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than employees and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) can resist the external environment. After flight, unlike other insects, the deciduous wings of termites are discarded and piles of shed wings are a clue to termite infestations.
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Officials have , heads that are larger that are darker than the other castes. They're blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
Soldiers are tougher than the other castes and take longer to die from many toxins, exposure, or starvation. It's their role to defend the colony, if upset, while the damage is fixed by the workers.
Soldiers exist in different forms. Most species have soldiers, together with well-developed jaws (mandibles) utilized to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Nastute soldiers happen in Nasustitermes species and are only rarely found as pests in Victoria. They've a snout where they eject a solution which irritates and glues attackers.
Soldiers have a head, which can be wedged in tunnels to block attackers. The drywood termites, that utilize this strategy, are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
The employees account for the greatest number of termites within the colony, and are therefore responsible for the most harm.
They gather food, groom other termites, construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are thought to operate 24 hours per day during their 4-year life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They're blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
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Termites hatch from eggs which have been tended by their nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they're mature enough, the young work within the colony in which jobs change with age and adulthood.
Once a single colony becomes sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives that wait in specially constructed chambers until prepared to depart the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
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They leave the nest for a swarm under conditions of high humidity, still air, and at times low light. Termites are not strong fliers and generally only fly around 1km, although breezes and updrafts can take them a lot further.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and evokes a calling scent. Males quickly respond.
They dig in and over the next few weeks, partner and look after their young until enough workers develop to take over the maintenance roles.
New colonies are created via budding. This is believed to happen when the extremities of this colony lose contact and become independent.
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The primary king and queen are believed to exude hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the rest of the colony. This control breaks down whether the territory is large or contact with groups is lost.
Termites work collectively in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as mammals, which are fed by adult termites. They then develop into castes or four forms of termite:
Soldiers have big, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are more demanding than other castes and may take longer to control. Some species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
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Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. try this website Workers are the greatest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for most harm.
Reproductives that are darker in color have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of colonies.
The temperature, food grade, and activity of the colony will determine how long it takes for a termite to grow from egg to mature.